Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Canadian researchers recently examined the sleep patterns and habits behind the athletes of ultramarathon running. It is no secret that proper sleep is a critical component of success at any level of athletic performance. At heightened levels of physical activity, such as ultramarathon running, it is even more
Our Reader Score [Total: 3 Average: 5] A recent study in PLOS Medicine explored the controversial issue of the relationship between alcohol and the incidence rate of heart attacks. It is estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) that every year, 6 million people suffer from a myocardial infarction, simply known as a heart attack.
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] An Australian research team investigated evidence linking the gut microbiome with specific psychiatric disorders and age-related cognitive impairment. The human body is host to a vast number of diverse microbes that perform important and beneficial functions. Evidence is now emerging that communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the central
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent study sought to understand the concept of living well with mental illness, focusing on the complex process of recovery. There is growing evidence that mental illnesses like schizophrenia are not life-long as they were thought to be. There is a wealth of qualitative data of first-person,
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Polypharmacy, or using different medications at the same time, can increase the risk of dangerous side effects. A recent study measured how common polypharmacy is among older adults in the United Kingdom. Combining prescription medications can potentially cause serious side effects. Known as polypharmacy, using many different medications
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Recently published in JAMA Oncology, researchers claim that a breath test may be a viable solution to detect cancers in the oesophagus and stomach. The United Kingdom (UK) states that one in every three patients presents to the hospital with complaints of gastrointestinal discomfort. Statistics report that in
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Research has suggested exercise is medicine, so should it be prescribed as such? A recent review summarized existing evidence supporting the clinical efficacy of prescribing exercise for managing abdominal obesity. Evidence has shown that regular and consistent exercise is one of the most important lifestyle changes that can
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] In a recent study, researchers examined the factors linked to sleep quality in patients with chronic tension-type headache. A tension-type headache is a common condition with a prevalence of about 42% in the general population worldwide. Symptoms include pain around the forehead (sometimes described as a “vice-like grip”)
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A clinical trial of stroke treatments showed that giving three antiplatelet therapy drugs had no benefit over two, and was associated with more bleeding. Recent large-scale clinical trials have shown that starting treatment with two antiplatelet therapy drugs after a stroke, rather than just one, reduces the risk
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A review published in Cancer Letters looks at a specific signaling pathway – called the Hippo pathway – as a possible therapeutic target for the treatment of gastric cancer. Gastric cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the stomach, where malignant cells can
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent review in Frontiers of Oncology described the potential of weakened bacterial systems as potential agents in cancer immunotherapy. The recent success of immunotherapeutic agents has reinvigorated the medical community to identify new strategies for harnessing the power of our immune system against cancer. Although the hype regarding immunotherapy is
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] In a recent study published in BMC Urology, researchers investigated whether obesity can negatively impact male fertility in rats. The incidence of obesity has sharply increased in recent years, nearly doubling from 1980 to 2008. Obesity is associated with increased risk of other diseases including type 2 diabetes
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent study suggests that a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables may improve the quality of life for individuals with ALS. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting the nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord that are responsible for movement.
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent study in the US evaluated the impact a very low-carb diet had on glycaemic control in children and adults with type 1 diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recently supported and emphasized the need for individualising diets for treating type 1 diabetes. Before the discovery
Our Reader Score [Total: 1 Average: 5] Stem cell clinical trials have the potential to treat and cure genetic and degenerative diseases. However, many recent trials have sacrificed scientific quality and health safety to push quicker clinical trials. Concerned researchers advocating for better clinical trial have proposed new guidelines to deter substandard clinical trials. Stem
Our Reader Score [Total: 1 Average: 2] A recent trial testing the effectiveness of rivaroxaban against aspirin in recurrent stroke prevention was terminated due to risk-benefit concerns. Ischemic strokes occur when blood vessels in the brain become obstructed by blood clots. Approximately 1 in 5 strokes are of the embolic subtype, meaning that the blood
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers performed a pilot study to investigate the physiological mechanisms of tai chi on brain and muscle function in an aging population. Tai chi is a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise that requires good concentration with breathing control. Previous studies have suggested that aerobic fitness has beneficial effects on neuronal
Our Reader Score [Total: 3 Average: 4] Researchers investigated the effects of regular exercise on cardiac function and markers of cardiac damage in elderly males undergoing long-distance cycling. The beneficial effects of regular exercise in young and old individuals are well established. However, the effects of long, moderate-intensity exercise in elderly people over the age
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers have developed a novel approach to cancer immunotherapy, showing promising results in a breast cancer patient unresponsive to other treatments. Immunotherapy, or biological therapy, is a type of cancer treatment that uses the immune system to boost natural defences to fight cancer. One immunotherapy approach is adoptive
Our Reader Score [Total: 1 Average: 4] Most treatments for multiple sclerosis concentrate on managing symptoms and slowing disease progression. A recent phase-3 trial investigated whether natalizumab is effective in treating secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. Canada has one of the highest incidences of multiple sclerosis (MS) worldwide. An autoimmune disease, MS targets the protective covering
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers determined how a Mediterranean-style diet pattern may be associated with a lower risk of frailty among women with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes contributes to many medical conditions that can impact an individual’s overall health. Diabetes is classified as a group of chronic metabolic diseases that involves the
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A new study determined if colorectal cancer screening reduced cancer incidence and mortality in women as effectively as in men. Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. In the United States, it is the second leading cause of cancer mortality and it is the most
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Published in BMJ Open, researchers discuss how anxiety as a predictor of cognitive deterioration in adults may be an independent risk factor dementia. Dementia is a progressively debilitating neurodegenerative condition. Early intervention and reducing its development by identifying its risk factors are the main goals in dementia treatment.
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] The results of a phase-3 trial were recently published comparing the effectiveness of postoperative chemotherapy with chemoradiotherapy for gastric cancer. Gastric carcinoma is a form of cancer that originates in the lining of the stomach. This form of cancer is rare in comparison to other types of cancer.
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Frailty in older adults increases the risk of injury and death. In a recent study, researchers investigated if a diet with large amounts of added sugars is associated with an increased rate of frailty. Aging is often associated with a decrease in strength and mobility. This can make
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers summarized the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions used to prevent or delay cognitive decline or dementia in adults. Dementia is a disorder that affects an individual’s mental processes. It is characterized by memory disorders, changes in personality, and impaired reasoning. These can affect an individual’s independent daily activities.
Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A review published in The British Medical Journal evaluated the effectiveness and safety of artificial pancreas treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes. Artificial pancreas treatment is an emerging treatment for type 1 diabetes patients that combines an insulin pump and continuous glucose monitoring to administer glucose as
Our Reader Score [Total: 2 Average: 4] Sleeping pills are commonly prescribed to treat insomnia. A recent study investigated if non-benzodiazepine sleeping pills increase the risk of falls and fractures in adults. Insomnia, or difficulty sleeping, can have a negative effect on an individual’s quality of life. Doctors commonly prescribe hypnotic drugs, commonly known as