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A recent study, published in Diabetes care, investigated a potential link between type 2 diabetes treatment and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Type 2 diabetes, a medical condition characterized by the body’s inability to manage appropriate blood sugar levels, has been associated with worsened cognitive functions. Specifically, compared to healthy individuals type 2
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Researchers in Kentucky investigated if smoking truly does increase the risk of dementia, following other studies that have come to this conclusion. A recent study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease examined if tobacco smoking was a risk for dementia. Numerous studies have demonstrated that smoking is associated with risk of dementia. However, these
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Researchers in the United States simulated a pandemic to determine optimal strategies for distributing vaccines. Their results can help inform public health initiatives and supply chain protocols during flu season. Every year, influenza causes thousands of deaths in the United States alone. Vaccines can prevent the spread of the flu virus, provided they are efficiently
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A new study determined how changes in the gut microbiome influence heart health and identified potential links between gut health and arterial dysfunction due to ageing. Ageing is associated with a number of health challenges. Of many disorders that ageing presents, cardiovascular disease carries the greatest burden for the elderly population, their family members, and
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Researchers analyzed evidence from previous studies to determine the most effective approaches for treating urinary incontinence in women.   Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of bladder control causing urine leakage. There are two main types: stress incontinence and urgency incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs after coughing, sneezing or physical exertion, and urgency incontinence occurs when
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Researchers investigate whether a combination of fulvestrant and anastrozole will increase survival in HR+breast-cancer patients. Breast cancer is a complex disease that is difficult to treat. There are different types of breast cancer and each type requires its own unique treatment strategy. There are two broad categories of breast cancer: hormone receptor positive (HR+) breast
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An exciting new study published in Nature Communications has revealed how the gut microbiome influences the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy. There are approximately 30 trillion bacteria thriving within our gut. This bacterial community residing in our guts is called the microbiome. Until now, the function of this microbiome was appreciated only in the context of aiding digestion
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Researchers examined the potential risk between non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and kidney transplant failure. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a type of cancer that is classified as anything that excludes the well-known skin cancer, melanoma. In events like a kidney-related failure, NMSC is said to commonly occur in those who have received a kidney transplant.
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In a large Swedish study, researchers investigated the link between mothers taking painkillers during pregnancy and the development of childhood asthma.   Several previous studies have shown a link between mothers taking paracetamol during pregnancy and an increased risk of children developing wheezing or asthma. However, it is not known whether other painkillers show a
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In Southwestern Ontario, researchers studied if environmental factors are associated with adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm birth. Adverse birth outcomes can lead to disease and mortality. Within developing countries, the percentage of babies born with low birth weight is 16.5%, and in developed countries, that number is 7%. There have
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A recent study published JAMA Internal Medicine analyzed how consistent drug safety warnings are among the world’s leading drug regulators. Health products, ranging from pharmaceutical drugs to natural health products, play an important role in Canada’s healthcare system. Currently, more than 22,000 human drug products available on the Canadian market. Health Canada plays an important
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A new study published in Scientific Reports highlights the role of gut viruses in stimulating type 1 diabetes in children. Type 1 diabetes in children is a cause of growing concern. Nearly 40,000 cases of type1 diabetes are diagnosed each year in the United States. Several environmental factors are associated with type 1 diabetes. Researchers
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A recent study examined important factors in preventing suicide among middle-aged men to develop a potential multimedia program for individuals visiting their primary doctor’s office. Discussions regarding common causes of death often bring up thoughts of serious medical conditions, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Yet, one cause, perhaps all-too-often overlooked in this discussion is
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A research team led by the University of New Hampshire developed a new hydrogel contact lens to effectively treat corneal melting, a severe eye disease that is the major cause for blindness worldwide. Corneal melting, an uncontrolled degradation of corneal tissue, is an incurable eye disease that may lead to blindness. It is caused by
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A large clinical trial funded by Astra-Zeneca compared the safety between two blood thinners – clopidogrel and ticagrelor. Heart attacks are the second leading cause of death in Canada. The development and trapping of blood clots in vessels that supply the heart with blood can cause heart attacks. In many cases, these clots can originate from a
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