Cancer

A new study published in PLOS Medicine investigated how obesity contributes to the development of kidney cancer. Multiple studies have demonstrated a consistent positive association between obesity and kidney cancer, regardless of risk factors for this cancer such as hypertension. This relationship have been found to be stronger in women, although it has also been
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A recent study analyzing the receptor that leads to nausea could be crucial in the development of drugs to reduce chemotherapy side effects. Most currently used cancer drugs are known to cause many chemotherapy side effects. These unpleasant side effects are sensed through a class of receptors called neurokin 1 receptor (NK1R). Pharmacological targeting of these
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A recent study investigated why immunotherapy for breast cancer is not as effective as a cancer treatment. Despite the recent advancements in immunotherapy and the new era of personalized medicine to treat different forms of cancer, breast cancer has proven to be a difficult opponent for this new therapy. Previous trials have shown that immunotherapy
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Past methods for antitumor therapies have focused on enhancing systemic immune activity. Yale University researchers have highlighted developments in a more recent approach to cancer immunotherapy that may result in more effective treatments. Since its inception, cancer research has largely been based on the premise of enhancement therapies: immune system boosting treatments that increase the
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Many cancer patients find that they develop cognitive problems as they become ill. A new study found that aspirin could limit cognitive problems in mice with cancer. Almost half of cancer patients with solid tumors develop cognitive problems, including problems with learning, concentration, and memory. Some of these problems can remain decades after successful cancer
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New research from Brigham and Women’s Hospital in the United States explores how genetics impacts the effects of vitamin E in cancer. Nearly half (48%) of all Americans take daily vitamin supplements. However, clinical data supporting the use of many of these supplements is severely lacking. One such vitamin often supplemented is vitamin E (also
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A study in Canada in collaboration with scientists from the United Kingdom tested the accuracy of a cervical cancer test based on epigenetics. Infection with the HPV virus is associated with the development of cervical cancer, as research has shown that virtually all cervical cancer patients have tested positive for HPV virus. However, not all
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Hot flashes during menopause are usually more severe in breast cancer survivors than in the general female population. Hormone-replacement therapy is a traditional treatment for hot flashes, but many women cannot tolerate these drugs. A recent study explored the use of oxybutynin for reducing hot flashes. Hot flashes are a common symptom of menopause. Menopause
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A Canadian research group used mass spectrometry to better understand how brain cancer cells communicate and promote metastasis. How does cancer spread? Glioblastoma remains a deadly form of brain cancer with just a 4% five-year survival rate. This poor prognosis is largely attributed to the spreading of tumor cells to the surrounding tissues in the
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A research group in the United States has found that genetic modification of the gene NRF2 sensitizes tumor cells to drug treatment, providing insight for future development of lung cancer treatment strategies. Lung cancer remains a leader in cancer-related deaths. According to The Cancer Atlas, “lung cancer is responsible for nearly one in five cancer
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January 2019 is Cervical Health Awareness Month. Did you know that around 13,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in the United States? In Canada, around 1,550 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2017 and around 400 women died from the cancer. Throughout this month, it is important to raise awareness on
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Cervical cancer is the cancer of the cervix, which is the lower narrow end of the uterus that connects the uterus to the vagina. It affects about 500,000 new women each year and causes more than 270,000 deaths worldwide. It is the fourth most frequent cancer in women.
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers in the United States examined the genomes of over 125,000 people to identify genetic variants associated with increased colorectal cancer risk. Colorectal cancer is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. Colorectal cancer starts from cells in the large intestine, comprised of the colon and rectum. These cells
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Recent research has suggested ties between pancreatic cancer and the use of birth control pills. Danish researchers Butt and colleagues investigate whether this is the case. Pancreatic cancer is rare but extremely lethal. Pancreatic tissues display sex-hormone receptors, and both estrogen and progesterone appear to inhibit pancreatic tumor
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers recently examined whether aspirin, EPA, or a combination of both can help reduce colorectal pre-cancerous polyps. In 2012 alone, colorectal cancer was diagnosed in about 1.4 million people in the world. Prevention strategies, such as screening programs, are integral in reducing the number of confirmed cases of
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent study published in the Scientific Reports has devised an ingenious way to target drugs to brain cancer. Accounting for 12-15% of all intracranial brain cancers, glioblastoma is one of the most deadly cancers. Glioblastomas are cancer cells that form from abnormal astrocytes. Astrocytes are brain cells that are
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