Drugs

Researchers in Kentucky investigated if smoking truly does increase the risk of dementia, following other studies that have come to this conclusion. A recent study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease examined if tobacco smoking was a risk for dementia. Numerous studies have demonstrated that smoking is associated with risk of dementia. However, these
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Researchers in the United States simulated a pandemic to determine optimal strategies for distributing vaccines. Their results can help inform public health initiatives and supply chain protocols during flu season. Every year, influenza causes thousands of deaths in the United States alone. Vaccines can prevent the spread of the flu virus, provided they are efficiently
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A new study determined how changes in the gut microbiome influence heart health and identified potential links between gut health and arterial dysfunction due to ageing. Ageing is associated with a number of health challenges. Of many disorders that ageing presents, cardiovascular disease carries the greatest burden for the elderly population, their family members, and
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Researchers analyzed evidence from previous studies to determine the most effective approaches for treating urinary incontinence in women.   Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of bladder control causing urine leakage. There are two main types: stress incontinence and urgency incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs after coughing, sneezing or physical exertion, and urgency incontinence occurs when
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An exciting new study published in Nature Communications has revealed how the gut microbiome influences the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy. There are approximately 30 trillion bacteria thriving within our gut. This bacterial community residing in our guts is called the microbiome. Until now, the function of this microbiome was appreciated only in the context of aiding digestion
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Researchers examined the potential risk between non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and kidney transplant failure. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a type of cancer that is classified as anything that excludes the well-known skin cancer, melanoma. In events like a kidney-related failure, NMSC is said to commonly occur in those who have received a kidney transplant.
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In a large Swedish study, researchers investigated the link between mothers taking painkillers during pregnancy and the development of childhood asthma.   Several previous studies have shown a link between mothers taking paracetamol during pregnancy and an increased risk of children developing wheezing or asthma. However, it is not known whether other painkillers show a
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In Southwestern Ontario, researchers studied if environmental factors are associated with adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm birth. Adverse birth outcomes can lead to disease and mortality. Within developing countries, the percentage of babies born with low birth weight is 16.5%, and in developed countries, that number is 7%. There have
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A recent study published JAMA Internal Medicine analyzed how consistent drug safety warnings are among the world’s leading drug regulators. Health products, ranging from pharmaceutical drugs to natural health products, play an important role in Canada’s healthcare system. Currently, more than 22,000 human drug products available on the Canadian market. Health Canada plays an important
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A new study published in Scientific Reports highlights the role of gut viruses in stimulating type 1 diabetes in children. Type 1 diabetes in children is a cause of growing concern. Nearly 40,000 cases of type1 diabetes are diagnosed each year in the United States. Several environmental factors are associated with type 1 diabetes. Researchers
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A research team led by the University of New Hampshire developed a new hydrogel contact lens to effectively treat corneal melting, a severe eye disease that is the major cause for blindness worldwide. Corneal melting, an uncontrolled degradation of corneal tissue, is an incurable eye disease that may lead to blindness. It is caused by
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A large clinical trial funded by Astra-Zeneca compared the safety between two blood thinners – clopidogrel and ticagrelor. Heart attacks are the second leading cause of death in Canada. The development and trapping of blood clots in vessels that supply the heart with blood can cause heart attacks. In many cases, these clots can originate from a
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Researchers explore how obesity causes changes in brain structure and function, and how differences in brain structure and function can cause obesity. A recent review published in Trends in Cognitive Sciences discussed whether obesity reduces self-control or if reduced self-control leads to obesity. The researchers found that this relationship mainly has to do with activity
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Proton pump inhibitors are one of the most commonly prescribed heartburn medications. These drugs have been previously linked to different adverse health effects. A recent study explored the link between heartburn medication and kidney disease. Proton pump inhibitors are a class of heartburn medication that is available by prescription. Some low dose proton pump inhibitors
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An American pilot study screened for high cholesterol in middle-school children as an indicator of hidden heart problems and diabetes. Obesity is a worldwide problem that is spreading like an epidemic among adults and children of all ethnic backgrounds. High cholesterol in kids is directly linked to overweight problems. In addition, high cholesterol in kids
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Researchers compared complications of atrial fibrillation between treatments with catheter ablation and drug therapy. Atrial fibrillation is a serious condition where the heart does not make regular beats. It affects 2.7 million Americans and can cause extreme tiredness and shortness of breath in some patients. For many years, atrial fibrillation was treated with drug therapy.
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A new study investigated the association between vascular risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, and BMI, and the structure of the brain.   Non-pathological brain ageing is a brain condition more prevalent than dementia. It can cause functional consequences that seriously impede that independence and quality of life of the elderly. Neurovascular
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Preeclampsia can be life-threatening for both mothers and babies. Researchers at Ohio State University have discovered that a simple urine test could be used for fast preeclampsia diagnosis. Preeclampsia is one of the deadliest pregnancy-related conditions. Symptoms of preeclampsia can include high blood pressure, excess protein in urine (proteinuria) or signs of liver or kidney
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A study conducted in the United States determined the health benefits of raspberry for glucose control in individuals with prediabetes. Glucose control is the first and most essential step in diabetes. Prediabetes is defined as the condition with blood glucose levels in between the normal and diabetic range. Such individuals are at risk of developing
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Researchers have developed a 3D laboratory model of brain tumors to help streamline the development of new therapies in this field. Drug development is generally a resource-intensive enterprise, with the average drug costing more than a billion dollars to bring to market. In treatment fields requiring more personalized approaches, such as neuro-oncology, development costs can
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