Mental Health

Researchers recently identified a group of mood neurons in the brain that may play a key role in emotional development in adolescence. The amygdala is an almond-shaped brain structure that is made up of a set of nerve cells (neurons) responsible for emotional processing and emotional response learning. The amygdala is unique because it continues
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Researchers recently investigated the link between autism and a lack of empathy, finding that autism is a strong predictor of empathy. A common trait among those with autism spectrum disorder is difficulty understanding or feeling what others are feeling, known as cognitive and affective empathy, respectively. Knowledge about the relationship between autism and a lack
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Researchers have investigated how the relationship between parents and depressed teens is affected by treatment length. The Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS) is a study that pays special attention to how parents of depressed teens and their marital and parent-child relationships function during treatment. Some earlier studies found that there was a reciprocal
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A recent study investigated whether stress and depression were associated with endothelial dysfunction in adults. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many well-known risk factors of CVD have been identified, including high blood pressure, lipid imbalance, diabetes, and smoking. In addition to these, researchers have also identified several social, environmental,
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A recent study examined important factors in preventing suicide among middle-aged men to develop a potential multimedia program for individuals visiting their primary doctor’s office. Discussions regarding common causes of death often bring up thoughts of serious medical conditions, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Yet, one cause, perhaps all-too-often overlooked in this discussion is
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A recent study investigated whether medications commonly prescribed for chronic physical conditions can treat individuals with serious mental illness. Serious mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and non-affective psychoses, are difficult to treat. Some drugs originally developed to treat unrelated conditions can potentially be repurposed as mental illness treatments. Statins, calcium channel blockers, and biguanides
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The Journal of Parkinson’s Disease recently discussed the positive effects of exercise on non-motor Parkinson’s disease symptoms. When one imagines the life of an individual diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, they often think of symptoms that debilitate movements such as tremors or impaired balance. However, Parkinson’s disease symptoms affect more than just the musculoskeletal system. The
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A recent experiment examined the effectiveness of multi-nutrient supplements for depression treatment and prevention. Major depressive disorder receives much attention in research, due largely for it being the second greatest factor contributing to years lived with disability. As such, assessing strategies that may help prevent the disorder is undeniably important. In the past several years,
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An Italian study investigated whether developing PTSD after a terrorist attack might make you more susceptible to specific co-existing chronic diseases or conditions.   Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that develops after a traumatic event. Symptoms include disturbing dreams, feelings, and thoughts that are related to such events, including symptoms of panic.
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A recent study by Hauer and colleagues investigated whether oxygen therapy can promote deep, restorative sleep. The brain is very sensitive to circulating oxygen levels and can undergo permanent damage in response to hypoxia (low oxygen levels). Moreover, it has been shown that different oxygen levels can have a significant impact on brain activity. For
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A recent study examined the effects of self-administered happiness exercises in individuals recovering from a substance use disorder. In individuals who struggle with addictions, it seems that simply working on not using the substance may not be so effective. Recent studies have been focusing on increasing the overall well-being and happiness experienced by those with
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New research published in Neurology investigates the potential benefits of exercise on thinking skills and cognitive function in adults. Regular exercise is an important component of living a healthy lifestyle for many reasons. It is extremely beneficial to physical health because it helps maintain optimal body mass and composition, respiratory function, and much more. It
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In a study published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, researchers discovered that Tetris can help relieve PTSD flashbacks. People who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often undergo flashbacks,  which are involuntary recurring visual memories of the frightful and upsetting experience. Researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden uncovered that Tetris, a
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In a study published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders, researchers examined the capacity of food insecurity to increase the likelihood of binge eating disorder. Food security is known as the capacity to afford foods that provide the nutritional value for a healthy life. Food insecurity, which is the inability to afford or acquire
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Researchers at the University of Alberta have identified a drug that could target one of the major proteins responsible for ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating disease marked by gradual neuromuscular degeneration. Previous studies have implicated several genes in the onset of the disease. One protein, called SOD1, has a propensity to misfold
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A recent study examined how strongly anxiety and depression predict physical illnesses, compared to obesity and smoking. Preventative efforts in primary care often focus on physical risk factors such as obesity and smoking. While significant evidence exists linking mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety, to poorer health outcomes, these are not the focus
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