Researchers explore how obesity causes changes in brain structure and function, and how differences in brain structure and function can cause obesity. A recent review published in Trends in Cognitive Sciences discussed whether obesity reduces self-control or if reduced self-control leads to obesity. The researchers found that this relationship mainly has to do with activity
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Researchers evaluated the effects of working night shifts on pregnant mothers and the outcome of their pregnancies. Many jobs today require people to work night shifts. This usually deprives them of sleep, and compels the body and the brain to alter the natural patterns of sleep, which may lead to sleep disorders. This shift-work sleep
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Proton pump inhibitors are one of the most commonly prescribed heartburn medications. These drugs have been previously linked to different adverse health effects. A recent study explored the link between heartburn medication and kidney disease. Proton pump inhibitors are a class of heartburn medication that is available by prescription. Some low dose proton pump inhibitors
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An American pilot study screened for high cholesterol in middle-school children as an indicator of hidden heart problems and diabetes. Obesity is a worldwide problem that is spreading like an epidemic among adults and children of all ethnic backgrounds. High cholesterol in kids is directly linked to overweight problems. In addition, high cholesterol in kids
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In a recent study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers studied the connection between vitamins, carotenoids, and cataracts. Age-related cataracts have been contributing to 35% of all blindness throughout the world. Many have opted to have cataract extraction surgery to restore their vision, but it will cost upwards of $5.7 billion dollars
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Researchers compared complications of atrial fibrillation between treatments with catheter ablation and drug therapy. Atrial fibrillation is a serious condition where the heart does not make regular beats. It affects 2.7 million Americans and can cause extreme tiredness and shortness of breath in some patients. For many years, atrial fibrillation was treated with drug therapy.
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A recent study investigated whether medications commonly prescribed for chronic physical conditions can treat individuals with serious mental illness. Serious mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and non-affective psychoses, are difficult to treat. Some drugs originally developed to treat unrelated conditions can potentially be repurposed as mental illness treatments. Statins, calcium channel blockers, and biguanides
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The Journal of Parkinson’s Disease recently discussed the positive effects of exercise on non-motor Parkinson’s disease symptoms. When one imagines the life of an individual diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, they often think of symptoms that debilitate movements such as tremors or impaired balance. However, Parkinson’s disease symptoms affect more than just the musculoskeletal system. The
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A recent experiment examined the effectiveness of multi-nutrient supplements for depression treatment and prevention. Major depressive disorder receives much attention in research, due largely for it being the second greatest factor contributing to years lived with disability. As such, assessing strategies that may help prevent the disorder is undeniably important. In the past several years,
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A new study investigated the association between vascular risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, and BMI, and the structure of the brain.   Non-pathological brain ageing is a brain condition more prevalent than dementia. It can cause functional consequences that seriously impede that independence and quality of life of the elderly. Neurovascular
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Researchers evaluated an immunotherapy-chemotherapy combination cream in the prevention of skin cancer following precancerous lesions in sun-damaged skin. Despite widespread awareness of the need to protect skin from the sun, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is the second most common cancer in the United States, and its incidence continues to rise. Skin cancer
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Preeclampsia can be life-threatening for both mothers and babies. Researchers at Ohio State University have discovered that a simple urine test could be used for fast preeclampsia diagnosis. Preeclampsia is one of the deadliest pregnancy-related conditions. Symptoms of preeclampsia can include high blood pressure, excess protein in urine (proteinuria) or signs of liver or kidney
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A recent study in Circulation investigated the mechanisms underlying the negative effects of chemotherapy for breast cancer on heart function. Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. These complications, including impaired heart function, are thought to be caused, in part, by the anti-cancer therapy. Trastuzumab (Herceptin) and heart dysfunction
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A study conducted in the United States determined the health benefits of raspberry for glucose control in individuals with prediabetes. Glucose control is the first and most essential step in diabetes. Prediabetes is defined as the condition with blood glucose levels in between the normal and diabetic range. Such individuals are at risk of developing
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A study explored the efficacy of aerobic exercise compared to a less intense stretching program to help adolescents recover from concussions related to sports injuries. Concussions related to sports injuries are a significant public health problem without effective treatment. Up to 30% of children and adolescents have symptoms such as confusion, amnesia, dizziness, ringing in
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Researchers have developed a 3D laboratory model of brain tumors to help streamline the development of new therapies in this field. Drug development is generally a resource-intensive enterprise, with the average drug costing more than a billion dollars to bring to market. In treatment fields requiring more personalized approaches, such as neuro-oncology, development costs can
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In a study published in Obesity, researchers investigated whether the use of a food log for weight loss is effective although it is time-consuming. There are over one billion overweight adults worldwide. The global weight loss and management market are expected to be worth $278.95 billion by the end of 2023. Weight loss methods cover
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Researchers from The Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed a new microneedle pill that can deliver insulin through the stomach, potentially replacing injections for patients with diabetes. Diabetes is one of the most common and costly chronic diseases. It is the third-leading cause of death in the United States. According to the leading national public health
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