Clinical Trials & Research

Researchers from the UK conducted a comprehensive review to examine the effectiveness of school closures during COVID-19. On March 12, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak to be a pandemic. According to the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), about 107 countries implemented national school closures in response to the
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A recent study suggests that early diagnosis of gestational diabetes reduces pregnancy weight gain during the first trimester and total pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can occur during the second or third trimester of pregnancy and is usually resolved after birth. Initial screening for gestational diabetes usually occurs between 24 and
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The spread of respiratory viruses, such as the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), can occur via droplets that are dispersed by infected individuals through coughing and sneezing. There is also evidence to suggest that these droplets can be dispersed by talking or even normal breathing.1-2 Personal protective equipment, such as a protective face mask, is therefore necessary
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Researchers propose model based on ‘shield immunity’ where immune individuals help to slow virus spread. The spread of the global coronavirus pandemic appears to be slowing down in many countries, thanks to a variety of measures such as travel restrictions and shutdowns of non-essential businesses. Whilst these measures have been somewhat successful, they are unsustainable
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Hong Kong researchers investigated a triple antiviral drug combination for COVID-19 treatment in patients with mild to moderate illness. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has affected more than 230 countries, with over three million cases and 200,000 deaths confirmed, according to WHO estimates at the beginning of May 2020. The majority of
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Researchers hypothesize why patients taking ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers may be at a higher risk of severe COVID-19. ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers are cardiovascular medications commonly used to treat a variety of diseases, including high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. However, early research indicates that these drugs
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A recent study has compared minimally invasive surgery versus conservative care options in treatment for chronic sciatica, finding surgical treatment is superior to nonsurgical care, lasting four to twelve months. The sciatic nerve is the largest and longest nerve in the human body and is responsible for both motor and sensory functions of the lower
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During the steady rise of COVID-19 cases throughout the world, one subpopulation appears to be largely unaffected: children. With worldwide cases of COVID-19 on the rise, limited data is available on the prevalence and effects of COVID-19 in children. Steven L. Zeichner, head of UVA Health’s Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, and Andrea T. Cruz,
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A recent study compared the risk of cancer between non-hormonal-copper and hormone‑releasing intrauterine device users. An intrauterine device is a small device placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of intrauterine devices: the non-hormonal-copper and the hormone-releasing intrauterine devices. As with any birth control, these devices also offer benefits and risks.
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Researchers in Australia recently examined whether the current popularity and perceived benefits of nature play are justified by any scientific evidence. Nature play is an increasingly popular design theme for children’s playgrounds.  Whereas traditional playgrounds consist of equipment such as slides and swings, nature play playgrounds are full of natural components such as rocks, ponds,
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