Clinical Trials & Research

Scientists probing the reason why cancer is far less common in individuals with Huntington’s disease have revealed that the gene responsible for the fatal brain condition produces a molecule that is deadly to cancer cells. In a recent paper published in the journal EMBO Reports, scientists from Northwestern University in Chicago, IL, note exactly how
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Researchers have found that marine Actinobacteria, a family of bacteria that lives in seaweed, may have antimicrobial and anticancer properties. Many people think of microbes as organisms that cause disease, but humans host billions of microbes that are essential to our life. Microbes include bacteria, protozoa, fungi, algae, amoebas, and molds. Microbes produce compounds that
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A recent study in mice might shed some light on why electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are harmful, even when there is no nicotine present in the vapors themselves. A study out of the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, TX, found that chronic exposure to e-cigarette vapors, even without nicotine, could negatively impact normal lung function.
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FDA warning: Risk of lower limb amputation This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. Some people taking Invokana may have an increased risk for the amputation of a lower
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What is Erleada? Erleada is a brand-name prescription medication that’s used to treat nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (NM-CRPC) in adult men. This type of prostate cancer: is not metastatic, which means it has not spread to other parts of your body is castration-resistant, which means that therapy to reduce levels of testosterone (a hormone) in
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Researchers have identified previously undetectable biomarkers that could help diagnose and direct the treatment of a rare autoimmune disease. Autoimmune conditions are a class of disease in which a person’s immune system produces antibodies to attack tissues in the body. There are many types of autoimmune disease, and in a recent study, researchers focused specifically
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How prevalent and preventable is death from sepsis? A new study, recently published in the journal JAMA Network Open, investigates. Sepsis is a potentially fatal condition that develops from the body’s overactive response to an infection. According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, over 1 million people in the United States develop severe
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FDA warning: Thyroid cancer This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. In animals, Ozempic can increase the risk of thyroid tumors. It’s not known if Ozempic has this effect
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What is Ilumya? Ilumya (tildrakizumab-asmn) is a brand-name prescription medication that’s used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. It’s prescribed for adults who are eligible for systemic therapy (drugs given by injection or taken by mouth) or phototherapy (light therapy). Ilumya is a type of drug called a monoclonal antibody. A monoclonal antibody is
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New research suggests that flu vaccines can help keep heart attacks and strokes at bay in people with hypertension. Although the flu is a common illness, the burden of this condition in the United States is considerable. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), influenza results in up to 960,000 hospitalizations and
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FDA warning: Potential for drug misuse This medication has a boxed warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This is the strongest warning that the FDA requires. A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. Adderall and similar medications have the potential to be misused. Taking these medications
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FDA warning: Thyroid cancer This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. In animals, Bydureon can increase the risk of thyroid tumors and thyroid cancer. It’s not known if Bydureon
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According to the National Institutes of Health, people have used marijuana, or cannabis, to treat their ailments for at least 3,000 years. However, the Food and Drug Administration have not deemed marijuana safe or effective in the treatment of any medical condition, although cannabidiol, a substance that is present in marijuana, received approval in June
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Millions of people around the world have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a condition that often has a significant impact on well-being and quality of life. New research from Israel outlines a new therapy option that could help people with OCD that does not respond to other treatments. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America,
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What is Opdivo? Opdivo is a brand-name prescription drug. It’s approved for use in adults with certain types of the following cancers: Opdivo is also approved for use in children ages 12 years and older with certain types of colorectal cancer. Opdivo contains the drug nivolumab. It’s a monoclonal antibody, which is a drug that’s
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What is Farxiga? Farxiga is a brand-name prescription medication that contains the drug dapagliflozin. Farxiga is used to improve blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes. It comes as a tablet you take by mouth. Farxiga belongs to a class of medications called sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors. In clinical studies, Farxiga decreased
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