Clinical Trials & Research

A recent study compared the risk of cancer between non-hormonal-copper and hormone‑releasing intrauterine device users. An intrauterine device is a small device placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of intrauterine devices: the non-hormonal-copper and the hormone-releasing intrauterine devices. As with any birth control, these devices also offer benefits and risks.
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Researchers in Australia recently examined whether the current popularity and perceived benefits of nature play are justified by any scientific evidence. Nature play is an increasingly popular design theme for children’s playgrounds.  Whereas traditional playgrounds consist of equipment such as slides and swings, nature play playgrounds are full of natural components such as rocks, ponds,
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A new study suggests undiagnosed cases of COVID-19 may be responsible for the rapid spread of the coronavirus outbreak. The coronavirus disease, also known as COVID-19, first emerged in Wuhan, China in 2019. As of March 19, 2020, this novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has spread to 177 countries. Researchers from around the world are working to
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A new systematic review examines the factors that motivate people to participate in health research studies. Clinical research is a major part of drug development and healthcare education, and many advances in medicine can be attributed to clinical trials.  One of the primary challenges for clinical research is recruiting participants since many people are hesitant
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Government implementations and social distancing are required strategies for controlling the COVID-19 outbreak. The COVID-19 outbreak is a developing pandemic and public health concern. The concern for viral outbreaks arises from the virus’s characteristics, disease severity, and available prevention and treatment modalities. Presently, global and national efforts have been focused on controlling the COVID-19 outbreak
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Researchers have linked excessive weight around the waist to cognitive decline. Increased health risks due to excess weight are a growing concern. In 2018, 7.3 million Canadian adults over the age of eighteen were obese, and another 9.9 million were overweight. Although many overweight individuals are healthy, some people develop serious cognitive conditions. There have
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Researchers describe the progress of a simple and non-invasive new urine test for prostate cancer that’s currently in development. Prostate cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among men. Although there are effective treatments, such as radiotherapy and surgery for localized prostate cancer, men diagnosed with more progressive prostate cancer have a poorer
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Programmed cell death 1 (PD1) checkpoint inhibitors are a group of anticancer drugs that are emerging as a frontline treatment for cancer. Programmed cell death 1 (PD1) checkpoint inhibitor therapy is a form of cancer immunotherapy that targets immune checkpoints.  PD-1 is the transmembrane programmed cell death protein that interacts with PD1-ligand 1. In a
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Researchers investigated the effectiveness of health information campaigns to correct public misperceptions during disease outbreaks in Brazil. During disease outbreaks, a surge of news and public discussion can often lead to misperceptions and conspiracy theories about the disease. Incorrect messages compete with accurate information and advice given by public health bodies. This may mean that
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A group of researchers has published a study in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases that summarizes already known scientific information on 119 broad-spectrum antiviral agents. These drugs have already been tested for use in humans. The researchers suggest that repurposing these drugs to treat COVID-19 might be an effective strategy to quickly obtain effective
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