A recent study in mice might shed some light on why electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are harmful, even when there is no nicotine present in the vapors themselves. A study out of the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, TX, found that chronic exposure to e-cigarette vapors, even without nicotine, could negatively impact normal lung function.
FDA warning: Risk of lower limb amputation This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. Some people taking Invokana may have an increased risk for the amputation of a lower
Some flatulence is normal, but excessive farting is often a sign that the body is reacting strongly to certain foods. This can indicate a food intolerance or that a person has a digestive system disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Typically, people pass gas 5–15 times per day. Dietary changes, altering eating patterns, and identifying
A Pap smear, sometimes called a Pap test or smear test, is a procedure that doctors use to look for changes in the cells of the cervix. These cellular changes can result from cancer, precancer, or the human papillomavirus (HPV). During a Pap test, a doctor or specialized nurse swabs the cervix through the vagina.
What is Erleada? Erleada is a brand-name prescription medication that’s used to treat nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (NM-CRPC) in adult men. This type of prostate cancer: is not metastatic, which means it has not spread to other parts of your body is castration-resistant, which means that therapy to reduce levels of testosterone (a hormone) in
Bone density is important to a person’s overall health. If the bones lose density, they may break easily. Bone density changes over time. Throughout childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood, the bones absorb nutrients and minerals, gaining strength. However, as a person enters their late 20s, they have reached their peak bone mass, which means that
Nutrition is at the core of health management. Without good nutrition, people face a much greater risk of developing health problems. In a new report, the World Health Organization urge all health services to place nutrition guidelines front and center going forward. The top concern of the World Health Organization (WHO) is achieving affordable and
Doctors will usually prescribe stimulant drugs, such as Ritalin, Concerta, or Vyvanse, for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. However, not everyone can tolerate these stimulant medications. Nonstimulant treatments, such as Wellbutrin, are common alternatives that doctors can prescribe to people with ADHD. Wellbutrin is an antidepressant that researchers have tested for the treatment
Glycosuria is a condition in which a person’s urine contains more sugar, or glucose, than it should. It typically occurs due to high blood sugar levels or kidney damage. Glycosuria is a common symptom of both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Renal glycosuria occurs when a person’s kidneys are damaged. It is a
As medical researchers continue their efforts to improve human health, some are turning their attention to the ocean because they believe that the Earth’s seas might harbor novel disease-fighting chemistry. The oceans cover more than two-thirds of Earth. As the adage goes, we know more about the surface of the moon than we do about
Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas on the lens of the eye. These cloudy areas may affect a person’s vision. Cataracts are slow forming. They usually develop in people aged 55 years and older, though younger people can also develop cataracts. There is no known way to prevent cataracts from forming but wearing sunglasses and
Researchers have identified previously undetectable biomarkers that could help diagnose and direct the treatment of a rare autoimmune disease. Autoimmune conditions are a class of disease in which a person’s immune system produces antibodies to attack tissues in the body. There are many types of autoimmune disease, and in a recent study, researchers focused specifically
The largest and most detailed study of its type concludes that there are links between physical fitness and improved cognitive performance. The researchers also show that this boost in mental powers is associated with white matter integrity. Over recent years, there has been a great deal of research into how bodily fitness might influence the
New research may have found the answer to a question that has preoccupied scientists for years: What makes melanoma become ‘aggressive and violent’? The answer brings with it some important therapeutic implications. Despite making up only 1% of all skin cancers, melanoma is the cause of most skin cancer-related deaths. According to American Cancer Society
How prevalent and preventable is death from sepsis? A new study, recently published in the journal JAMA Network Open, investigates. Sepsis is a potentially fatal condition that develops from the body’s overactive response to an infection. According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, over 1 million people in the United States develop severe
Periumbilical pain is a painful sensation around the belly button. It is a common complaint, and because many conditions can cause it, it may be challenging for doctors to diagnose. In this article, we explore the causes and treatment of periumbilical pain. Also, we will review when a person should seek emergency medical attention.
FDA warning: Thyroid cancer This drug has a boxed warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A boxed warning alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous. In animals, Ozempic can increase the risk of thyroid tumors. It’s not known if Ozempic has this effect
Leg cramps at night, or nocturnal leg cramps, are common and can occur due to inactivity during the day, tired muscles, or certain medical conditions. Leg cramps, also called charley horses, are uncontrolled spasms in the muscles of the leg that may be painful. They typically occur in the calf muscles, though they may also